Published on : 15 June 20203 min reading time

Human cognition is his thinking machine. There are several brain processes that relate to knowledge. It is responsible for perception, attention, memory, motor skills, language and reasoning. Since we talk about knowledge, these are functions acquired during learning. At birth, the human brain is the same for everyone. It is through development that it achieves all of these abilities. This development depends on stimulation (learning) and adaptation (lifestyle) but also on genetics. It should be pointed out that the brain adapts to the lifestyle we adopt, whether it is good or bad for its functioning.

How the brain works

Brain cells are different from the rest of the body, they are called neurons. It is about 100,000 billion for an adult, but we lose about 10,000 neurons a day, and even more if we have a frequent head injury. Until the age of 65, the brain can manage to make up for these losses if it is in optimal conditions, both physically and psychologically. This loss of neurons leads to brain atrophy beyond this age, when the losses are difficult to make up. This atrophy leads to impaired cognitive function. Aging alone does not cause these disorders; the life course of each individual also comes into play. The brain still needs constant stimulation from senior activities for cognitive health.

The virtues of reading

Reading is a perfect activity to stimulate the cognitive health of seniors. It acts in several areas, improving attention and concentration. Reading can take you to another dimension if you find the right book captivating. It also acts on memory because in order to follow the story, you need to remember the previous chapters. All this stimulates the brain in the right direction, which indicates that it is a perfect activity for the cognitive health of senior citizens.

The benefits of physical activity

A study of older people has shown that spending energy on physical activity reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease by 50%. The recommended activity for the elderly is walking and if there is still enough left over, why not run. A little movement not only affects the body, but also the mind. It’s a good way to relieve stress. Focusing on the muscle pain and the burning sensation in the lungs allows you to clear your head and also to escape. Moving around a little is good for cognitive health and it’s also fun. In addition to these two activities, having a healthy lifestyle is also important for good cognitive health.


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